He is the second male graha after Surya. In his case he is much more active and moves fast and slow when necessary, as opposed to Surya who is always constant. In Sanskrit it is “he who raptures”. Mangala and Kuja are his names. Kuja represents “born of the Earth” and Mangal represents “auspicious”. He belongs to the social caste “Kshatrya” or warrior of the Solar System. He is the graha related to action, strength, initiative, enthusiasm, ambition, logic, bravery, courage, independence and more. Using these qualities, he feels happy when he helps others to solve their problems; he feels gratified and respected when he generates favorable actions for society; and he feels unhappy, frustrated, and angry when he causes problems. He is characterized by being very energetic and active, always focused on improving things around him. They can govern, lead, plan and direct all attention where they want with great energy. He fights and confronts any situation that may arise, which is why he moves from fear with will.

With will because it has the strength to initiate and start its actions. He is Agni tattva (fire) and is the controller of this element. His gaze is upward which means that he projects himself into the future with inspiration and great vision. And why vision? Each element has a “sattvic” attribute being one of the five senses known as “Jnanendriyas” (organs of knowledge). In this case Mangal acquires knowledge through colors.

He also has a “rajasic” or active attribute known as “Karmendriyas” (organs of actions). There are five organs of action. Mangal’s shakti (power) is motion and its primary power is in the feet giving movement and action to the body. Finally, its “tamasic” or dark attribute is known as the object of the five senses; in this case it is sight or “seeing”.

How do we show ourselves towards others? What is the character that we show and that pushes us towards society? What are our actions? What do we want to improve and develop?

It governs the strength of a person’s character. Character is nothing more than the way in which an individual expresses himself in his life. So, depending on how Mangal is in relation to Chandra (our mind and consciousness) we will be able to express our opinion, act and show our nature in one way or another. It is related to physical and mental strength.

Mangal’s fire is explosive, so it is related to reactivity but with logic and instinct. Another concept related to his energy is passion. Passion can be expressed in different ways, such as, physically, intellectually, socially, emotionally and among others.

What happens when Mangal is not well positioned or is afflicted?

Another important aspect is that Mangal rules our motion, so, if someone has problems with walking that can indicate some issue with this graha (planet). Sani-Mangal in conjunction produce accidents because Sani obstructs, limits and unbalances the fire of Mangal producing a “crush” and the emotion that manifests is “frustration”. In more advanced Jyotish the term used is “Yama” which refers to the god of death and within the rasi you can see which are the areas where strong changes and “accidents” manifest.

When Mangal is not well placed or receives negative aspects, the person may not have the ability to act when necessary. Not having the strength to deal with complex life situations. It can go from one extreme to the other losing control of the situation completely. When affected one may experience lack of energy, vitality, tiredness, and there is a lack of orientation. Self-confidence can be affected and can generate people with a lot of fear. They are people who tend to start things and not finish them. On a psychological level it can generate laziness, inactivity and zero motivation to do anything in life. They are also those who find problems where there are none and tend to create them themselves. There is an addiction to confrontation with the outside or with others because since childhood they have been in contact with aggressive and violent environments. An aggressor always has to be a victim first. If Mangal meets Rahu, Sani and Buddha are people who always need to say their opinion and like to confront.

Mangal is the graha of anger and striving. It is for this reason that he is the Bhava Karaka of the 3rd and 6th houses in the Brihat Parashara Hora Sastra.

It is efficient, logical and direct. It focuses on specific purpose and mission, which is greater than its own individuality. In no case do you seek to be comfortable or sweet.

In which bhava (area of life) is Mars positioned in the Jataka (natal chart)?

It is important to look at which bhava it is positioned in on the rasi or D-1. It may be an area where the native feels there is a stronger mission. There is a thrust of energy directing him toward this house. He does not need validation or acceptance from others because when he receives help from other grahas and is strong he can compete in a healthy way with the vitality and confidence that he will reach his goals.

For a person to be able to control fear well he must have a Mangal well positioned in angular houses (1,4,7 and 10) or trikonas (1,5 and 9) and with strong aspects of Brihaspati (give him purpose and faith), Surya (confidence, security and sense of responsibility) or Chandra (leadership power and mental/body strength). It is very necessary to see where the other grahas are from Mangal’s position to see the strength he has to manifest his desires, ambitions and fighting purposes.

He likes to be in earth and fire rashis because it gives very high discipline and purpose although in Jala tattva and Vayu tattva it gives other great qualities with its polarities. But it is true that Mangal does not do well with water and air. In the case of air, it generates too much movement without going in a particular direction, there is lack of concentration and too many distractions; it can cause clashes when least expected. Very radical changes are generated.

In the bhava found in Mangal indicates where the person will want to manifest their desires. Action and energy will be focused in this area of life. It is important to see which rashi and bhava the ruler is in in order to see where there will be the most movement and action for improvement. It represents the way in which one gets the strength to fight and get what one wants.

In the Kalapurusha it represents the life force, red muscle fibers, immune system, heat and motor functions, bloodstream.

Keywords: action, will, passion, strength, energy, independence, siblings, competitiveness, struggle, logic, instinct, radical changes, cuts, dangers, accidents, beginnings.